Clinico – Etiological profile of Acute Undifferentiated fever in children 6 months - 15 years


Original Article

Author Details : Ramesh Dasari, Kadukuntla Swapna Reddy*, Alekhya Nimmagadda, Sivani Saraswathi Kuruvada, Nuguri Sneha, S Srikrishna

Volume : 7, Issue : 1, Year : 2021

Article Page : 1-5

https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijmpo.2021.001



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Abstract

Introduction: Acute febrile illness (AFI) is defined as a patient with fever of 38?C or higher at presentation or history of fever that persisted for 2–14 days with no localizing source. Fever is the main clinical symptom of various tropical infectious diseases.
Materials and Methods: Retrospective observational examination was directed after endorsement from the Institutional Ethics Committee in Paediatric division, Apollo General Hospital, AIMSR, Jubilee hills from January 2016 till December 2019.
Inclusion criteria: All the patients who were conceded in the ward or emergency unit complications of intense febrile infections, patients a half year to 15 years old were taken for the investigation.
Exclusion criteria: Patients with associated infections when the complications cannot be attributed to febrile illness or patients with haematological malignancies, autoimmune disorders, and those on immunosuppressant were excluded from the study.
Results: In present investigation, an aggregate of 290 patients with intense identical fever were assessed out of these 157 (63%) were male and 133 (36.6%) were female. In this investigation typhoid fever was the most well-known reason for undifferentiated fever (33.7%) trailed by malaria (25.5%), dengue fever (19.6%), urinary tract disease (8.2%), Acute gastroenteritis (5.5%), Pneumonia (3.1%), Bronchiolitis (2.4%), Hepatitis (1.0%) and Pharyngotonsillitis (0.6%%).
Conclusions: It is important to know the aetiology and clinical pattern of acute undifferentiated fever for their proper management and it will help to prevent morbidity and mortality.

Keywords: Acute Undifferentiated fever, Acute febrile illness, Typhoid fever, Malaria, Dengue fever.


How to cite : Dasari R , Reddy K S, Nimmagadda A , Kuruvada S S, Sneha N , Srikrishna S , Clinico – Etiological profile of Acute Undifferentiated fever in children 6 months - 15 years. IP Int J Med Paediatr Oncol 2021;7(1):1-5


Copyright © 2021 by author(s) and IP Int J Med Paediatr Oncol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (creativecommons.org)



Article History

Received : 02-02-2021

Accepted : 18-02-2021

Available online : 25-03-2021


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https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijmpo.2021.001


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