Comparative study of single dose preoperative antibiotic versus five days antibiotic course in preventing surgical site infection for pediatric inguinal herniotomy


Original Article

Author Details : Arnab Kumar Saha, Rashmi D, Vasu Gautam, Chetna Khanna, Pinaki Ranjan Debnath*, Atul Kumar Meena, Shalu Shah

Volume : 7, Issue : 3, Year : 2021

Article Page : 134-139

https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijmpo.2021.027



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Abstract

Aim: To compare single dose preoperative antibiotic versus five days antibiotic course in preventing surgical site infection for the pediatric inguinal herniotomy.
Materials and Methods: The present study was conducted on 100 patients of elective inguinal herniotomy from January 2019 to April 2020 and compared on the basis of single dose preoperative antibiotic versus five days antibiotic course. All the patients were evaluated on the 3rd, 7th and 28th post-operative period and instructions were given to the guardians about wound care and to attend for early follow up if any signs & symptoms of wound infection appear.
Results: 50% of the patients were treated with prophylactic single dose antibiotic, i.e. inj. Ceftriaxone (30 mg/kg/dose) at the time of induction only and rest 50% were treated with inj. Ceftriaxone(30mg/kg/dose) at the time of induction as well as postoperatively at night followed by four days of oral antibiotic with Syr/Tablet. Cephalexin (25mg/kg/day) three times daily for another 4 days.
Surgical Site Infection (SSI) in Group-B (4.0%) was higher than that of Group-A (2.0%) on day 3 but it was not significant (p=0.40). There was no significant difference in health status of the patients of the two groups when compared on post-operative day 7 and day 28 (p=0.99, p=0.99 respectively).
Conclusion: Implementation of single dose antibiotic prophylaxis regimes tailored to the prevalent organisms in the institution can result in enormous savings, as the study shows significant reduction in hospital stay with no significant increase in incidence of SSI.


Keywords: Pediatric, Inguinal hernia, Surgical site infection, Prophylaxis, Antibiotic


How to cite : Saha A K, Rashmi D, Gautam V, Khanna C, Debnath P R, Meena A K, Shah S, Comparative study of single dose preoperative antibiotic versus five days antibiotic course in preventing surgical site infection for pediatric inguinal herniotomy. IP Int J Med Paediatr Oncol 2021;7(3):134-139


Copyright © 2021 by author(s) and IP Int J Med Paediatr Oncol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (creativecommons.org)





Article History

Received : 03-09-2021

Accepted : 18-09-2021

Available online : 14-10-2021


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https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijmpo.2021.027


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