Acute ileocolitis as a presentation of Sars Cov-2 infection in children- A case report


Case Report

Author Details : Ranjima M Mahesh, Raghavendra H Gobbur*

Volume : 7, Issue : 4, Year : 2021

Article Page : 218-220

https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijmpo.2021.044



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Abstract

As COVID-19 continues to spread in India and other countries, the impact of the disease among children, initially considered less important, is becoming more relevant. The extent of the diversity of clinical presentation of COVID-19 in children are still unclear. We have already seen a new clinical picture of SARS-CoV-2 in children manifesting as a hyper-inflammatory syndrome, with multi-organ involvement similar to Kawasaki Disease and with potential evolution to a shock syndrome. This represented a new phenomenon affecting previously asymptomatic children with SARS-CoV-2 infection. COVID-19 may also manifest as viral hepatitis, acute pancreatitis, acute liver injury, acute kidney injury, ARDS, Sepsis, septic shock and meningo-encephalitis and cerebellar ataxia. The Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children (MIS-C) associated with SARS-CoV-2 infection occurs weeks after infection and may evolve unnoticed. MIS-Cs pathophysiology remains unclear. However, it appears to be a postinfectious hyperimmune response that may occur during or following asymptomatic or symptomatic infection. COVID-19 infection in children may lead to a potentially life threatening condition that we may not be aware of. We are in need of reporting of the diverse presentation of SARS CoV-2 virus in children. Here we describe a case of a previously normal 14-year-old boy who manifested with severe pain abdomen after SARS CoV-2 infection and was diagnosed as Acute Ileocolitis secondary to COVID-19. Child improved with steroid therapy and was asymptomatic after 3 weeks of treatment.
 

Keywords: COVID­19, Ileocolitis, meningo­encephalitis, cerebellar ataxia, Kawasaki disease


How to cite : Mahesh R M, Gobbur R H, Acute ileocolitis as a presentation of Sars Cov-2 infection in children- A case report. IP Int J Med Paediatr Oncol 2021;7(4):218-220


Copyright © 2021 by author(s) and IP Int J Med Paediatr Oncol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (creativecommons.org)





Article History

Received : 16-11-2021

Accepted : 13-12-2021

Available online : 22-12-2021


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Article DOI

https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijmpo.2021.044


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