The age group of 0-5 years are categorized as under five children. This age group of children are vulnerable to get any kind of infection. Under five years of age Children are in developing stage and all body systems are immature. And as their play activities, poor feedings, and immaturity of immune system they get frequently infected with different infections like Respiratory Tract Infection, Otitis Media, Diarrhea, Gastroenteritis etc. Fever is a common presentation of the infections. In some children high grade fever can result convulsions. 1
Fever means that the body is fighting against the infection. “Fever is defined as an elevation of body temperature in response to pathological stimulus”. A clinical policy published by American College of Emergency physicians (ACEP), a child is considered febrile only when his rectal temperature exceeds 380C (100.40F). Fever above 41.50C (106.70C) needs immediate and aggressive antipyretic therapy to control the risk of irreversible organ damage. High grade Fever also increases the risk of febrile convulsions. Mother is first person to understand that the child is ill and who take care of their children constantly. She checks temperature of child as well. If high grade fever is neglected or mismanaged it leads to febrile convulsions in a child. 2
Most childhood seizures are relatively common and represented by febrile episodes associated with Childhood convulsions. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) has defined a “febrile convulsion’ (FC) as a seizure episode in infancy or childhood, mostly occurs between 3 months to 5 years of age, associated with fever but without any evidence of intracranial infection, pathological or any traumatic cause”. Many Studies revealed that between 2% and 5% of all children will experience Febrile Convulsions before the age of five years. Majority of cases of febrile convulsions occurs in children between the age of 12 & 18 months. In Pacific populations the incidence rate can be as high as 15%. It is known that Febrile Convulsions are most likely to occur in families where there is familiar history of Febrile Convulsions. Children from the families with history of convulsion manifests three-times or greater risk than the general population. 3
Review o f Literature
Sajadi H. M, Shamsi M. (2011): A cross-sectional study was conducted in healthcare centers in Arak city on knowledge of mothers on management of febrile convulsion.100 mothers with children less than two years of age were selected by multi-stage cluster sampling. The results of study revealed that there was lack of knowledge regarding febrile convulsions among mothers so there was need for educational program. 4
Erkek N, Senel S, Sahin M, Ozgur O, Karakan C. (2010) A prospective questionnaire-based study was conducted in the pediatric emergency department at Dr. Sami Ulus Children’s Hospital to reveal the perceptions, knowledge and practices of parents regarding children's fever. Parents of 200 febrile children were selected through purposive sampling for data collection. The study results revealed that parental education about 'fever in childhood' in our population may positively affect parental knowledge and approach to fever. 5
Gordon KE, Dooley JM, Wood E, Brna P, Bethune P (2011) A descriptive study was conducted in Karnataka to assess the mother’s awareness regarding fever control measures to prevent the occurrence of febrile convulsions. By simple random sampling technique 80 mothers were selected for the study. The study results revealed that significant improvement can be achieved by giving education to the parents.
Lahal M, Goldmen M.(2010): A prospective questionnaire-based study was conducted in Seth GS Medical College, Mumbai to describe the health care practice of parents when child has convulsions.140 parents were selected randomly. The study results revealed that delay in treatment put them at higher risk for developing neurological sequel. There is a need to develop appropriate strategies for disseminating information about first aid measure to parents.6
Kolahi AA, Tahmoooreszadeh S (2009): A prospective questionnaire-based study was carried out in Mofid Children's Hospital Iran to evaluate the knowledge of the mothers of children with first febrile convulsion. 126 mothers of children presenting with febrile convulsions The study results revealed that parental fear about febrile convulsions is major problem so they need additional education programs. 7
Suad A, Assad B, Adel MZ (2009): A comparative study was conducted in the Department of Pediatrics, Worcester Royal Infirmary, UK to study the effects of giving information to parents with and without febrile convulsive children. 100 parents were selected. The results of the study was compared using a chi-squared test (P < 0.05). The study results revealed that mothers having febrile children have more knowledge as compared to other group. 8
Materials and Methods
Analysis and interpretation of knowledge of subjects regarding management of febrile convulsions.
The data in Figure 2 showed that mean score was 40.62, median was 33.00, standard deviation was 8.1 and range was 38;
Figure 3 showed that 20% subjects were having inadequate, 57% having moderate and 23%) having adequate knowledge regarding management of febrile convulsions.
In this study it is find that 20%, were having inadequate, 57% were having moderate & 23% were having adequate knowledge regarding management of febrile convulsions. The mean score was 40.62, median was 33.00, and standard deviation was 8.1. The findings revealed that majority of mothers of under five children were having moderate knowledge, so they need to be educated and informed about management of febrile convulsions, so that the child mortality and morbidity rate will decrease.
Conflict of Interest
The author declares no potential conflicts of interest with respect to research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.